All About The Antihero
In recent years, audiences and readers have really got behind the antihero character. I love to write antiheroes in my own work, plus I love to watch them on television and in movies. I also read them in novels too.
In short, I am OBSESSED with them just like everyone else!
For a long time, protagonists were super-good and antagonists were super-bad. This worked at the time because it’s what audiences wanted … BUT it raised a lot of issues, too. Because of the lack of general diversity, antagonists were often villains that were coded as marginalised communities. Their ‘difference’ made them ‘evil’. Ack.
Obviously that sucks, but it’s important to remember too that antagonists don’t have to be villains. This means by the same token, protagonists don’t have to be heroes! Enter stage right … antiheroes!
What is an antihero?
Heroes embody courage, persistence and skill. They can easily turn into villains when they use their talents for personal gain. This means antiheroes are like their name suggests … a character that DOESN’T have or has twisted the classic hero attributes, for whatever reason.
Lots of writers believe antiheroes ‘have’ to be protagonists, but this is not the case. An antihero is ANY main character – protagonist, antagonist or secondary – that has ‘gone wrong’ when it comes to being a hero.
In I Am Pilgrim by Terry Hayes, our protagonist Pilgrim is contrasted with the antagonist, Saracen. Pilgrim is supposed to the ‘classic’ American spy thriller hero, whereas Saracen is the threat to the Western world from the so-called ‘Axis of Evil’. As the story continues, it becomes clear the two are both not only antiheroes, but doppelgängers. They are the same men, but on opposite sides. In contrast to reader expectation, Pilgrim is arguably NOT the ‘good’ one, nor is Saracen the ‘bad’ one.
In the TV series Breaking Bad, Walter White’s arc is ‘Mr Chips becomes Scarface‘. Facing a terminal diagnosis for lung cancer, White’s intentions to provide for his family after his death are understandable and good. However, in doing this he descends onto a rocky road where he becomes a drugs kingpin. NOT good!
In the Marvel movie Black Panther, Erik Killmonger is a genocidal murderer and wants to bring Wakanda down, whom he blames for his father’s death. He is evil, but he is right: Wakanda abandoned him to keep up appearances.
In Gone Girl by Gillian Flynn, Amy Dunne is the voice of spurned women everywhere. She discovers her husband Nick has betrayed her, so decides to take him down by utilising society’s misogyny in her favour. She will stop at nothing to make him pay. Knowing most women are murdered by the men in their lives, she fakes her own disappearance and frames Nick.
In the TV series Sons of Anarchy, middle-aged matriarch Gemma Teller thinks of herself as a loving mother and facilitator of the motorcycle club SAMCRO. She tells herself she puts her son Jax Teller and his own sons first, plus she is a strong woman who has survived much hardship. However, she is also a liar, manipulator and even murdered Jax’s own father JT.
No More Comic Book Villains
Gone are the days when villains and antagonists are ‘just’ evil. Whilst ‘comic book villains’ were often two-dimensional characters that disrupted everything just because they wanted to, now antiheroes are much more complex as standard.
The age of the antihero has arrived very obviously in the screenwriting world thanks to what producers sometimes call ‘The Gone Girl Effect’. Obviously Amy Dunne is not the first female antihero/antagonist, but she made a huuuuuuuuge cultural impact. Thanks to her, the industry is finally open to complex female leads. This includes books as well.
But what are the key qualities of an antihero? More on this, after the jump.
How To Write An Antihero
1) Never underestimate the power of manipulation
The antihero has key qualities – both good and bad – that deserve attention when we are planning our characterisation. An antihero will frequently prefer to use manipulation in the first instance. They may enjoy violence, or they may prefer not to get their hands dirty. Whatever the case, they tend not to go 0-60mph when trying to get what they want.
2) Use shock and awe
When antiheroes DO use violence (physical or verbal or both), they are frequently showy with it. This is because they know the power of shock and awe.They will confuse their enemies and leave them reeling.
This does not mean cheesy displays, but rather surprise tactics. This enables the antihero to shock their target into agreeing with them, or giving them what they need.
3) The antihero thinks they are right (or they at least have ‘no choice’)
4) Ruthlessness is nothing personal
Antiheroes understand they must make sacrifices to get ahead. This may mean getting rid of allies in that bid for power. Though some may feel sorrow about this, they will do it anyway.
5) The best antiheroes are LOGICAL
An antihero with unshakeable beliefs and strong motivation is unstoppable. They will use logic to get what they want and it’s hard to argue with them. MORE: 23 Powerful Examples of Character Motivation
So, if you want to write an antihero, keep these points in mind. Nuanced and layered characterisation has been gaining momentum for the last decade or so. Readers and audiences have proven they can relate to such characters without condoning their bad behaviour. They just want to know WHY antiheroes behave the way they do, so provide them with compelling reasons and fascinating traits.
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So if a character has a motivation, regardless of remorseless of acts they commit, does that make them an antihero? Looking at Killmonger, the character has a sympathetic backstory, but he committed incredibly terrible acts, and even attempted to commit mass murder. Using his backstory to call him an antihero seems like an excuse for his actions, all because he saw himself as the hero of his own story.
Han Solo is an antihero. Riddick is an antihero. Erik Killmonger however was a villain. His complexity and nuance make him an exciting, interesting villain, but it does not change that he is a villain. Villains can have more complexity than the Joker without being an antihero.
Oh here you are again. You are so close to getting it: believable antagonists DO see themselves as the hero of their stories and yes, they DO believe they have every excuse or ‘no choice’ to do the horrific things they do.
This doesn’t automatically make them antiheroes as you appear to think. An antagonist who does something terrible like murder SIMPLY for money (even if they need the money) is not an antihero.
Nowhere does it say in the post that ALL villains are antiheroes. In fact, it says the opposite: that an antagonist doesn’t have to be a villain, plus a protagonist doesn’t have to be a hero. This is because there are more than 2 archetypes as you can see HERE.
Again: it’s possible to have a bad character with understandable motivations. That’s what an antihero is. This doesn’t mean we condone that behaviour. It simply means we can understand/potentially empathise with why they are doing the bad thing. Nothing more, nothing less.
Lastly, you also spoil your own logic with your example: like Killmonger, Riddick is also a murderer. He is also the antagonist of the first movie, or by your logic displayed here: the villain.